# 2维Randers度量的张量刻画

\begin{align*}
S_F:& \mathbb{S} \to V\\
[y]_+&\mapsto\frac{y}{F(y)}.
\end{align*}

Finsler几何 仿射微分几何
angular metric $h$ affine fundamental form $h$
$\nabla h$ fully symmetric cubic form induced by $\iota$
Cartan tensor $\mathbb{C}$ $\mathbb{C}=\frac{1}{2}\nabla h$
main scalar $I$
$\tau$ distortion of $F$ $\phi=\exp(\frac{2\tau}{3})$
$\mathbb{Z}=-(\rd\phi)^\sharp$
$\tilde\iota=\phi\iota+S_*^F(\mathbb{Z})$
affine shape operator $\tilde{s}$of $\tilde\iota$
$\chi=e^{\frac{2\tau}{3}}\left(1+\frac{2}{3}I’-\frac{2}{9}I^2\right)$ mean affine curvature $\chi=\mathrm{trace}{(\tilde s)}$

Thus, $\chi$ is a constant iff $\mathrm{trace}(\tilde s)$ is constant iff $S^F$ of $F$ is an ellipsoid(c.f. Nomizu&Sasaki1994) iff F is a Rander’s metric.

#### Reference

• [Mo&Huang2010] MO, XIAOHUAN, and LIBING HUANG. “On characterizations of Randers norms in a Minkowski space.” International Journal of Mathematics 21.04 (2010): 523-535.
• [Nomizu&Sasaki1994] Nomizu, Katsumi, and Takeshi Sasaki. Affine differential geometry: geometry of affine immersions. Cambridge University Press, 1994.